Department of Respiratory Medicine at Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital specializes in Critical Care, Sleep Medicine, disorders relating to the lungs and Tuberculosis
The department provides comprehensive consultative evaluation and management for patients with pulmonary diseases Asthma, COPD, Pulmonary embolism, Pulmonary hypertension, Interstitial lung diseases, Lung Cancer, Sarcoidosis, Pulmonary vascular diseases, infections of the lung, Sleep apnea, insomnia and other sleep disorders.
The department of Respiratory Medicine at Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital is also performing various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the department like Pulmonary Function tests including Spirometry, DLCO, FeNO, Lung biopsies, fiberoptic and rigid Bronchoscopy, transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) and biopsy (EBB, TBLB). Thoracocentesis, ICD placement and pleural biopsy for diagnosis of pleural diseases. For various lung lesions percutaneous needle biopsies are also done. In emergencies the department is also performing emergency bronchoscopic intubations. The department also has an attached RICU to the critically ill patients. Also the department has good backup from CTVS department.
The Department of Respiratory Medicine also has an actively functioning NTEP and DOTS CENTRE which was started in 2006. It has a designated microscopy centre (DMC) for diagnostic services, Truenat services and a Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) centre for treatment of TB patients at free cost.
Various specialty clinics are run by the Department of Respiratory Medicine at Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital to help the patients on various days of the week. For e.g.
Monday—Asthma and Allergy
Saturday—Pulmonary Hypertension Clinic
Respiratory Medicine is an emerging super specialty dealing with spectrum respiratory diseases eg., Asthma, Bronchitis, Sleep disorder breathing, Tuberculosis and Occupations lung diseases and patients admitted to ICU with breathing disorders like respiratory failure.
Recent development of diagnostic procedures like fiber optic bronchoscope, computerized spirometry, EBUS, video assisted Thoroscopic procedures (VATS) and sleep studies (Poly Somno Graphy PSG) have made the diagnosis of respiratory diseases quick and affordable. Development of Non Invasive Ventilators have made easy to avoid invasive ventilation and its accompanying complications.
Post graduation in Respiratory Medicine has a lot of scope for students in research, patients care and diagnosis of respiratory disorders in the near future.